Cannabinoids Use | What are Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids

What are Cannabinoids?

 

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant. Of over 480 different compounds present in the plant, only around 66 are termed cannabinoids. The most well-known among these compounds is the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), which is the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. Cannabidiol (CBD) is another important component, which makes up about 40% of the plant resin extract.

Classes of cannabinoids

The cannabinoids are separated into the following subclasses:

  • Cannabigerol (CBG)

  • Cannabichromenes (CBC)

  • Cannabidiol (CBD)

  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

  • Cannabinol (CBN)

  • Cannabidiol (CBDL)

  • Other cannabinoids including cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabielsoin (CBE), and cannabidiol (CBT)

Effects of Cannabinoids

The cannabinoids are separated into the following subclasses:

  • Cannabigerol (CBG)

  • Cannabichromene (CBC)

  • Cannabidiol (CBD)

  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

  • Cannabinol (CBN)

  • Cannabidiol (CBDL)

  • Other cannabinoids including cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabielsoin (CBE), and cannabidiol (CBT)

Differences between Cannabinoids


The main way in which cannabinoids are differentiated is based on their degree of psychoactive. For example, CBG, CBC, and CBD are not known to be psychoactive agents whereas THC, CBN, and CBDL along with some other cannabinoids are known to have varying degrees of psychoactive.

The most abundant of the cannabinoids is CBD, which is thought to have anti-anxiety effects, possibly counteracting the psychoactive effects of THC. When THC is exposed to the air, it becomes oxidized and forms CBN which also interacts with THC to lessen its impact. This is why cannabis that has been left out unused will have less potent effects when smoked, due to the increased CBN to THC ratio.

Disclaimer: This article is originally published on  https://www.news-medical.net/health/What-are-Cannabinoids.aspx

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